Swimming

【Competition Venues:Tokyo Aquatics Centre

  • Overview

    Swimmers compete in classes according to the type and extent of their impairment.

    swimming view (Foot/Feet Start):The swimmer shall have some part of the body in contact with the wall until the starting signal is given. The swimmer may be assisted by a Support Staff.

    Foot/Feet Start:
    The swimmer shall have some part of the body
    in contact with the wall
    until the starting signal is given.
    The swimmer may be assisted by a Support Staff.

    In Paralympic swimming, seven competition races take place: freestyle, breaststroke, backstroke, butterfly, individual medley (butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle in that order) and, medley and freestyle relays.

    To prevent competitors from hitting the wall, blind and visually impaired swimmers have their coach tap them with a pole called a "tapping device" as they approach the end of the pool to make turns or finish the race. If it is difficult for them to make a diving start, swimmers can start in the water.

    To participate in the Paralympic Games, swimmers must meet the minimum qualification standards set by the World Para Swimming (WPS).Top-class swimmers in the Paralympics Games occasionally set records as fast as those in the Olympics Games.

    History

    Paralympic Swimming has been part of the official programme since the first Paralympics Games in Rome in 1960. In the early years, only wheelchair swimmers participated in this sport, but later, swimmers with amputations, visual impairment or intellectual impairment came to join the races.

    Detail

    Sports Event

    (IPC Announcement, January29 ,2018)

    DicilinesMenWomen




    Freestyle
    50m S3・S4・S5・S7・S9・S10
    50m S11・S13

    100m S4・S5・S6・S8・S10
    100m S12

    200m S2・S3・S4・S5
    200m S14

    400m S6・S7・S8・S9・S10
    400m S11・S13
    50m S4・S6・S8・S10
    50m S11・S13

    100m S3・S5・S7・S9・S10
    100m S11・S12

    200m S5
    200m S14

    400m S6・S7・S8・S9・S10
    400m S11・S13


    Backstroke
    50m S1・S2・S3・S4・S5

    100m S1・S2・S6・S7・S8・S9・S10
    100m S11・S12・S13
    100m S14
    50m S2・S3・S4・S5

    100m S2・S6・S7・S8・S9・S10
    100m S11・S12・S13
    100m S14


    Breaststroke
    50m SB2・SB3

    100m SB4・SB5・SB6・SB7・SB8・SB9
    100m SB11・SB12・SB13
    100m SB14
    50m SB3

    100m SB4・SB5・SB6・SB7・SB8・SB9
    100m SB11・SB12・SB13
    100m SB14

    Butterfly
    50m S5・S6・S7

    100m S8・S9・S10
    100m S11・S12・S13
    100m S14
    50m S5・S6・S7

    100m S8・S9・S10
    100m S13
    100m S14

    Individual Medley
    150m SM3・SM4

    200m SM6・SM7・SM8・SM9・SM10
    200m SM11・SM13
    200m SM14
    150m SM4

    200m SM5・SM6・SM7・SM8・SM9・SM10
    200m SM11・SM13
    200m SM14




    Relay
    4x100m Freestyle 34 Points
    4x100m Medley 34 Points
    4x100m Freestyle 34 Points
    4x100m Medley Relay 34 Points
    Mixed
    4x50m Freestyle 20 points
    4x100m Freestyle S14**
    4x100m Freestyle 49 points**

    **Provisional inclusion. Viability of these relay events at the 019 World Championships will determine if theycan be offered at the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games.

    Eligible impairment
      • Limb deficiency (upper and/or lower limb impairment)
      • Visual impairment
      • Intellectual impairment

    (As of the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games)