Boccia

【Competition Venues:Ariake Gymnastics Centre

  • Overview

    Boccia is a sport devised in Europe for those with severe cerebral palsy or with equivalently severe impairment of limb function.

    playing view(Players compete by throwing or rolling their red or blue balls, attempting to place them closest to the white jack ball.)

    Players compete by throwing or rolling their red or blue balls,
    attempting to place them closest to the white jack ball.

    Players compete by throwing or rolling their six balls, coloured in red or blue, attempting to place them closest to the white jack ball (target ball). Boccia is played between two individuals, pairs, and teams of three players, with men and women competing together.

    Players who are unable to throw a ball with their hand due to impairment can kick a ball or roll it using a ramp with the help of an assistant. Although a ramp assistant can adjust the angle and height of the ramp according to instructions provided by a player, the assistant is forbidden from offering advice to competitors.

    History

    It is believed that boccia originated in ancient Greece, where people used to throw stones at a target. In the 6th century, rules similar to those of present-day boccia were developed in Italy. In the 20th century, with rules organised in such a way that those with severe impairment can also play, boccia spread from Europe to the world.

    Boccia was introduced to the public for the first time at the Stoke Mandeville & New York 1984 Paralympic Games, and has been an official sport since the Seoul 1988 Paralympic Games.

    Detail

    Sports Event

    (IPC Annoouncement, September4, 2017)

    Mixed


    Event
    Individual BC1
    Individual BC2
    Individual BC3
    Individual BC4
    Team BC1/BC2
    Pairs BC3
    Pairs BC4
    Eligible impairment

    Limb deficiency (primarily cerebral palsy)

    (As of the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games)