The modern pentathlon is a sport in which athletes push themselves to the limit by competing in five very different events held over one day.
- Fencing Ranking Round(épée)
- Swimming (200m free-style)
- Fencing Bonus Round(épée)
- Riding(show jumping)
Laser-run event (four rounds of 5-shot laser pistol shooting and 800 meters run)
The modern pentathlon is a combined competition in which athletes compete with each other in five events over one day. The competition is very intense both physically and mentally. Fencing requires dynamic explosiveness and stillness. Show jumping involves collaborating with a horse to jump over obstacles. Swimming, again, requires dynamic explosiveness and endurance. And, the final event of the competition, the laser-run event, requires athletes to employ self-discipline and maximise their endurance and mental focus as they compete in running (dynamism) and shooting (stillness).
While they must show outstanding ability in each event, each athlete has both strong and week events, since the competition consists of very different events with varying degrees of dynamism and stillness. Spectators cannot miss any moment in this gripping race in which rankings often change after each event.
The modern pentathlon is believed to have been introduced by Baron de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games. He suggested including this sport, modelled on the pentathlon competitions held in the ancient Greek Olympic Games, which consisted of five events (wrestling, discus, javelin, jumping and running).
The word “modern” is used to differentiate this sport from the “ancient” pentathlon.
The sport is very popular in Europe, and is noted as a sport of royalty and nobility. Baron de Coubertin described the modern pentathlon as the centrepiece of sports. This sport has been a part of the official programme since the Stockholm Games in 1912. The women's competition was added at the Sydney Olympics in 2000.
（IOC Announcement, June9, 2017）
Men Women Event Individual Competition Individual Competition